Month: July 2018

Heart attack warning: How to save a life – what to do if you haven’t been CPR trained

HEART attacks require immediate treatment, but what should you do if you haven’t been trained for CPR? If you see someone with symptoms of a cardiac arrest, this is what you should do after calling for an ambulance. It could save a life.

  • Heart attacks can lead to a cardiac arrest – where the heart stops pumping blood around the body
  • Cardiac arrest may require CPR
  • Hands-only CPR includes compressions to the beat of Stayin’ Alive
  • Always phone an ambulance before beginning CPR

Heart attacks are a medical emergency that require immediate treatment, according to the NHS.

The condition, which is known as a myocardial infarction, is caused by a sudden blockage in the heart’s blood supply.

A heart attack could lead to a cardiac arrest in some cases. This is where the heart beats abnormally fast, and then stops beating altogether.

What to do if you think someone is having a heart attack

If you see someone collapse in front of you, the first thing you should do is check them over, and see if they’re responsive.

If they’re not breathing, or are unresponsive, then their heart has stopped working and they are having a cardiac arrest, said the British Heart Foundation.

Now, you should call 999 and ask for an ambulance, the charity said.

Once the paramedics are on their way, you should perform Hands-only CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

“Lock your fingers together, knuckles up,” said the British Heart Foundation.

“Then push down, right on the sovereign [middle of the chest]. Push down five or six centimetres.

“That’s about two inches. Push hard and fast about two times a second, like to the beat of Stayin’ Alive.

“Don’t worry about hurting someone. A cracked rib can be mended – just concentrate on saving a life.”

If you’re CPR-trained, you should give rescue breaths, too.

After every 30 chest compressions, give two rescue breaths to the patient.

You should keep up your Hands-only CPR until the ambulance arrives, or if the patient shows signs of regaining consciousness.

If you’re feeling tired, and there’s somebody around to help, ask them to take over while you recover.

Every year, there are around 200,000 hospital visits due to heart attacks in the UK.

Almost a million people have survived a heart attack in the UK.

Heart attack symptoms can include severe chest pain, shortness of breath and coughing.

If you suspect you, or someone else, is having a heart attack, you should dial 999 straight away and ask for an ambulance.

Don’t worry if you’re not sure whether you’re having a heart attack – paramedics would rather be called out to a mistake than be too late, said the NHS.

This article first appeared on https://www.express.co.uk/

Men under 30 years suffer heart attacks more, claim doctors

This article appeared on Times of India

In a worrying find, a group of medical experts said that that young men aged under 30 are increasingly suffering from heart attacks, more than the other age groups. They said women aged below below 40 have also been suffering from heart attacks, contrary to perception.
As per the statistics from January to May this year, almost 30% to 35% of those who have had treatment for heart attacks were below 45 at Apollo Speciality Hospitals in the city. And among those, 80% of them were men. Most of them were smokers. According to interventional cardiologist Dr Kader Sahib Ashraf, evrey month he has been treating at least three patients who are men below 30 years for heart attacks, this year.

While smoking is the most common factor among young men suffering heart attacks, hypertension and diabetes are the other two major reasons. “A man, who we treated for heart attack recently, was just 19. In that particular case, the patient was a smoker for almost five to six years. Among men – especially those who suffer from heart diseases at a young age – smoking is the most common reason. Everyone should be more aware about modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors when it comes to heart attack,” Kader told TOI.

While the modifiable risk factors include smoking, excessive drinking, improper diet and poor lifestyle etc., non-modifiable risk factor predominantly is family history. Cardiologists stated that people, right from when they are in their late teens, apart from not indulging in smoking or using any tobacco products, they should focus on three major practices for healthy heart: proper diet, sufficient exercise and meditation.

Due to the increased prevalence of heart diseases among youngsters, doctors are urging annual body check-up for those above 30 which initially used to be for those over 40.According to chief interventional cardiologist Dr Senthilkumar Nallusamy, women, even before the post menopause, can suffer from heart attacks. “Based on my observation, many men who are in their 20s are getting heart attacks. But everyone should be aware that even women, in their young age, can get heart attacks. There is a misconception that women, who have not had post menopause, don’t get heart attacks. Most recently, I have seen three cases in which women in their 30s had heart attacks,” he said.